Conditional Sentences Flow Chart

Conditional sentences are hard to create when you are learning English. I created this conditional sentence flow chart to help you  decide what conditional to use.

How To Use The Flow Chart

The instructions are as follows:

  • Take an activity like visiting Canada.
  • You ask yourself, “am I talking about a real possible thing?”
  • If the answer is yes, move to the real conditional side.
  • Then ask yourself, “Are you trying to express a past habit?”
  • If yes, then use the past real conditionals. If no, then move down the flow chart to the next question.
  • You continue this process until you have determined which conditional you use.

Here is a video to further explain how to use the flow chart.

Conditional Sentence Flow Chart

Conditional Sentence Flow Chart

The chart displays the following Conditionals:

  • Present Real Conditional
  • Past Real Conditional
  • Future Real Conditional
  • Present Unreal Conditional
  • Past Unreal Conditional
  • Future unreal Conditional

The chart also displays what is the form for each conditional as well as an example, so you know how to use it.

Final Thoughts

The flow chart is a great tool to help you to understand what conditional you want to use.  Additional practice is always helpful so if you looking for some good practice for conditionals, you should  check out this practice.

Let me know your thoughts.

How to do a great explanation for an oral exam

explanation for an oral examHave you ever had problems structuring your arguments?

Well I know many of my students have had this exact problem, so this post is about creating a great explanation.

Let’s dive into it.

Parts of your explanation

The best explanations have structure. They are the best because they are easy to follow and develop their points well.

Here is how I structure an explanation every time. I use the same method, so I don’t have to think about how to structure my argument

Also, it reduces the amount of time that I think about how to explain something and allows me to focus solely on what I am going to say.


  • Restate the question.
  • Make a statement from the question
  • Outline your points that you’re going to talk about.
  • Transition into body.


  • Transition from introduction.
  • State my first point.
  • Explain my first point using what, why and how.
  • Transition into my second point
  • Explain my second point using what, why and how.
  • Transition into my third point.
  • Explain my third point using what, why and how.
  • Transition to conclusion.


  • State your points and bring it back to your main question.

What does this sound like?

Here is a video for you to watch.


I know for some people this seems easy, but for many it’s not.

Knowing how to create an explanation is only part of it. The other part is being able to do it. If you can’t put what you learn into action, then it is useless.

Things to avoid

  • Long pauses. A short pause is acceptable, but a long pause indicates you probably don’t know what you want to say or how to say it.
  • Filler words. Try to avoid words like “um” and “uh” they don’t add to your argument. This is very hard to do, but if you can reduce them, your explanation will become clearer.
  • Not pronouncing your “s.” This is something that many French people have problems. Make sure you pronounce the endings of words.

Final thoughts

If you use the same set up every time, you won’t have to think about it when you do an explanation.

How to prepare for the PSC language exam (SLE test)

how to prepare for the els language exam pscHow to prepare for the PSC language exam is largely dependent upon what you already know. The more you already know, the easier it is.

However, you need some guidance to help you.

In this post I will point out some resources for you to prepare for your PSC language exam.

Oral exam

Remember when you’re doing the oral exam you need to explain what, why and how. The how part isn’t necessarily the most important, but what and why are. So focus on what and why.

The better you can use things like good transition words and conditionals, the more likely you are to be seen as a competent English speaker. That means you’re more likely to get a C.

Here is a list of PSC language oral exam resources for you:

Writing exam

Remember when you doing the writing exam that they will try to trick you by putting words in English that are a direct translation from French.

So it is important to know the difference between, what is right in French and what is right in English.

Here is a list of ps language written exam resources for you:


Final thoughts on how to prepare for the PSC language exam

I hope you found this post helpful, and it gives you an idea how to prepare for the PSC language exam.

If you found this post helpful, share with somebody who has a PSC language exam coming up.