Verb Tense Forms

verb tense formsI asked some students if they thought an example of each form would be helpful, and they said yes. Here examples of each form in a question and in a statement.

Present

Statements

  • I walk to work everyday.
  • He walks to work everyday.
  • She walks to work everyday.
  • You  walk to work everyday.
  • It walks to work everyday.
  • We walk to work everyday.

Questions

  • Do I walk to work everyday?
  • Does he walk to work everyday?
  • Does she walk to work everyday?
  • Do you  walk to work everyday?
  • Does It walk to work everyday?
  • Do we walk to work everyday?

Present  progressive

Statements

  • I am talking to you.
  • He is talking to you.
  • She is talking to you.
  • You are talking to yourself.
  • It is talking to you.
  • We are talking to you.

Questions

  • Am I talking to you?
  • Is he is talking to you?
  • Is she talking to you?
  • Are you are talking to yourself?
  • Is is talking to you?
  • Are we are talking to you?

Past

Statements

  • I jumped over the hole.
  • He jumped over the hole.
  • She jumped over the hole.
  • You jumped over the hole.
  • It jumped over the hole.
  • We jumped over the hole.

Question

  • Did I jump over the hole?
  • Did he jump over the hole?
  • Did she jump over the hole?
  • Did you jump over the hole?
  • Did it jump over the hole?
  • Did we jump over the hole?

Past progressive

Statements

  • I was singing along with the song.
  • He was singing along with the song.
  • She  was singing along with the song.
  • You were singing along with the song.
  • It was singing along with the song.
  • We were singing along with the song.

Question

  • Was I singing along with the song?
  • Was he singing along with the song?
  • Was she singing along with the song?
  • Were you singing along with the song?
  • Was it singing along with the song?
  • Were we singing along with the song?

Future

Statements

  • I will jog home.
  • He will jog home.
  • She will jog home.
  • You will jog home.
  • It will jog home.
  • We will jog home.

Questions

  • Will I jog home?
  • Will he jog home?
  • Will she jog home?
  • Will you jog home?
  • Will it jog home?
  • Will we jog home?

Future progressive

Statements

  • I will be skating tonight.
  • He will be skating tonight.
  • She will be skating tonight.
  • You will be skating tonight.
  • It will be skating tonight.
  • We will be skating tonight.

Questions

  • Will I be skating tonight?
  • Will he be skating tonight?
  • Will she be skating tonight?
  • Will you be skating tonight?
  • Will it be skating tonight?
  • Will we be skating tonight?

Present perfect

Statements

  • I have dug a hole before.
  • He has dug a hole before.
  • She has dug a hole before.
  • You have dug a hole before.
  • It has dug a hole before.
  • We have dug a hole before.

Questions

  • Have  I dug a hole before?
  • Has he dug a hole before?
  • Has she dug a hole before?
  • Have you dug a hole before?
  • Has is dug a hole before?
  • Have we  dug a hole before?

Present perfect progressive

Statements

  • I have been shouting all day.
  • He has been shouting all day.
  • She has been shouting all day.
  • You have been shouting all day.
  • It has been shouting all day.
  • We have been shouting all day.

Questions

  • Have I been shouting all day?:
  • Has he been shouting all day?
  • Has she been shouting all day?
  • Have you been shouting all day?
  • Has it been shouting all day?
  • Have we been shouting all day?

Past perfect

Statements

  • I had flown over the sea before.
  • He had flown over the sea before.
  • She had flown over the sea before.
  • You had flown over the sea before.
  • It had flown over the sea before.
  • We had flown over the sea before.

Questions

  • Had I flown over the sea before?
  • Had he flown over the sea before?
  • Had she flown over the sea before?
  • Had you flown over the sea before?
  • Had it  flown over the sea before?
  • Had we flown over the sea before?

Past perfect progressive

Statements

  • I had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • He had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • She had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • You had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • It had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • We had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.

Questions

  • Had I been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had he been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had she been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had you been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had it been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had we been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?

Future perfect

Statements

  • I will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • He  will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • She will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • You will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • It will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • We will have finished my work by the time you arrive.

Questions

  • Will I have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will he have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will she  have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will you have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will it have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will we have finished my work by the time you arrive?

Future perfect progressive

Statements

  • I will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • He  will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • She will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • You will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • It will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • We will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.

Questions

  • Will I have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will he have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will she have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will you have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will it have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will we have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?

The verb tense overview is a helpful place for you as well.

Are there any other forms that you want to see? Leave a comments below.

Present Perfect vs Past Perfect

Present perfect vs Past perfect
What is the difference between past perfect and present perfect?

Present perfect vs past perfect  is difficult to understand at times. The most common question that I get is, “What is the difference?”

Check out this post and this one if you need some review of the past perfect and present perfect.

Look at past perfect

Past perfect focuses on events that finished in the past. These events do not continue until now.

  • e.g. I had watched my favourite movie ten times before the DVD stopped working.

In the example above, both of the events started and finished  in the past. The person watched the DVD ten times. After that, the DVD stopped working.  Remember that when you use the past perfect you are trying to relate two events together in the past. Past perfect indicates which event happened first in time. In a timeline you would see past perfect then past.

Let’s look at the present perfect

Present perfect normally has some connection or relevance to the present.

  • e.g. I have watched my favourite movie many times, and my DVD is still working.
In the example above, we know that the person watched the movie many times and will continue to do so until the DVD stops working. The reason the person is using the present perfect in this example is because it is relevant to the conversation.

Present perfect vs past perfect Summary

Here is a present perfect vs past perfect chart that will help summarize the information.

Present perfect Past perfect
Used to talk about something that started in the past and continues until now.e.g. I have worked for Ford for ten years.

  • I still work there now.

Used to talk about events that finished in the past but have relevance now.

e.g. I have seen Avatar.

  • I saw Avatar at some unspecified time in the past. It is relevant to the conversation that is happening.
Used to talk about something that started and finished in the past. There is no connection with right now.e.g. I had seen the first Star Wars movie three times before the second movie came out.

  • Both of these events started and finished in the past. They do not continue until now.

If you are looking for some practice in either of these tenses, check out englishpage.com.

Do you have any confusing examples that you would like clarified? Leave a comment below with your example.

Past perfect

 

It is actually a marshmallow mushroom, but it sure looks like a marshmallow.

The fire had died out by the time I found the marshmallows.

The past perfect tense is a tense that we don’t use very often. We use it most when people forget something that happened in their story and they want to add it now.

How to use past perfect

We use the past perfect tense to show the relationship between two events in the past. Past perfect shows which event occurred first.

  • e.g. I had eaten dinner before I arrived at the party.

In the example above “had eaten”  happened before the party. The order of events is ate dinner then arrived to the party.

Form

We create past perfect sentences by had + past participle.

  • e.g. had eaten
  • e.g. had walked
  • e.g. had forgotten

We create negative past perfect sentences by had + not + past participle.

  • e.g. had not eaten
  • e.g. had not walked
  • e.g. had not forgotten

We create past perfect questions by had + subject + past participle.

  • e.g. had he eaten?
  • e.g. had he walked?
  • e.g. had he forgotten?

Remember irregular verbs don’t end in “ed.” The only regular verb above is walk. Both eat and forget are irregular verbs and don’t end in the typical way.

  • e.g. eat > ate > eaten
  • e.g. forget > forgot > forgotten
Second language learners need to memorize the past participles of irregular verbs. They are important to remember because many tests require you to know irregular verbs by heart.

 

Where will you see past perfect

You will see past perfect in conditionals. Conditionals are also called “if statements.”

  • e.g. If I see him , I will let you know.

An example of a conditional using past perfect is:

  • e.g. If I had known, I would have told you.

You will see past perfect in the above type of conditional. It is a past unreal conditional or a third conditional.

 

For more information about verb tenses, check out the verb tense overview. If you want to try some practice, check out Englishpage.com

 

Can you think of some examples of past perfect?