Verb Tense Forms

verb tense formsI asked some students if they thought an example of each form would be helpful, and they said yes. Here examples of each form in a question and in a statement.

Present

Statements

  • I walk to work everyday.
  • He walks to work everyday.
  • She walks to work everyday.
  • You  walk to work everyday.
  • It walks to work everyday.
  • We walk to work everyday.

Questions

  • Do I walk to work everyday?
  • Does he walk to work everyday?
  • Does she walk to work everyday?
  • Do you  walk to work everyday?
  • Does It walk to work everyday?
  • Do we walk to work everyday?

Present  progressive

Statements

  • I am talking to you.
  • He is talking to you.
  • She is talking to you.
  • You are talking to yourself.
  • It is talking to you.
  • We are talking to you.

Questions

  • Am I talking to you?
  • Is he is talking to you?
  • Is she talking to you?
  • Are you are talking to yourself?
  • Is is talking to you?
  • Are we are talking to you?

Past

Statements

  • I jumped over the hole.
  • He jumped over the hole.
  • She jumped over the hole.
  • You jumped over the hole.
  • It jumped over the hole.
  • We jumped over the hole.

Question

  • Did I jump over the hole?
  • Did he jump over the hole?
  • Did she jump over the hole?
  • Did you jump over the hole?
  • Did it jump over the hole?
  • Did we jump over the hole?

Past progressive

Statements

  • I was singing along with the song.
  • He was singing along with the song.
  • She  was singing along with the song.
  • You were singing along with the song.
  • It was singing along with the song.
  • We were singing along with the song.

Question

  • Was I singing along with the song?
  • Was he singing along with the song?
  • Was she singing along with the song?
  • Were you singing along with the song?
  • Was it singing along with the song?
  • Were we singing along with the song?

Future

Statements

  • I will jog home.
  • He will jog home.
  • She will jog home.
  • You will jog home.
  • It will jog home.
  • We will jog home.

Questions

  • Will I jog home?
  • Will he jog home?
  • Will she jog home?
  • Will you jog home?
  • Will it jog home?
  • Will we jog home?

Future progressive

Statements

  • I will be skating tonight.
  • He will be skating tonight.
  • She will be skating tonight.
  • You will be skating tonight.
  • It will be skating tonight.
  • We will be skating tonight.

Questions

  • Will I be skating tonight?
  • Will he be skating tonight?
  • Will she be skating tonight?
  • Will you be skating tonight?
  • Will it be skating tonight?
  • Will we be skating tonight?

Present perfect

Statements

  • I have dug a hole before.
  • He has dug a hole before.
  • She has dug a hole before.
  • You have dug a hole before.
  • It has dug a hole before.
  • We have dug a hole before.

Questions

  • Have  I dug a hole before?
  • Has he dug a hole before?
  • Has she dug a hole before?
  • Have you dug a hole before?
  • Has is dug a hole before?
  • Have we  dug a hole before?

Present perfect progressive

Statements

  • I have been shouting all day.
  • He has been shouting all day.
  • She has been shouting all day.
  • You have been shouting all day.
  • It has been shouting all day.
  • We have been shouting all day.

Questions

  • Have I been shouting all day?:
  • Has he been shouting all day?
  • Has she been shouting all day?
  • Have you been shouting all day?
  • Has it been shouting all day?
  • Have we been shouting all day?

Past perfect

Statements

  • I had flown over the sea before.
  • He had flown over the sea before.
  • She had flown over the sea before.
  • You had flown over the sea before.
  • It had flown over the sea before.
  • We had flown over the sea before.

Questions

  • Had I flown over the sea before?
  • Had he flown over the sea before?
  • Had she flown over the sea before?
  • Had you flown over the sea before?
  • Had it  flown over the sea before?
  • Had we flown over the sea before?

Past perfect progressive

Statements

  • I had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • He had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • She had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • You had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • It had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.
  • We had been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up.

Questions

  • Had I been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had he been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had she been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had you been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had it been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?
  • Had we been listening to  music for twenty minutes before you showed up?

Future perfect

Statements

  • I will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • He  will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • She will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • You will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • It will have finished my work by the time you arrive.
  • We will have finished my work by the time you arrive.

Questions

  • Will I have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will he have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will she  have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will you have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will it have finished my work by the time you arrive?
  • Will we have finished my work by the time you arrive?

Future perfect progressive

Statements

  • I will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • He  will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • She will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • You will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • It will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.
  • We will have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over.

Questions

  • Will I have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will he have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will she have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will you have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will it have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?
  • Will we have been cooking for two hours by the time you come over?

The verb tense overview is a helpful place for you as well.

Are there any other forms that you want to see? Leave a comments below.

Will vs Be Going To

I think I will drive a tractor this weekend.

Will vs be going to

We use will when we want to talk about something that is in the near future. If we make a decision when we are talking to someone, then we use will.

I am going to have a great day on the farm.

be going to vs will

We use be going to when we made the decision before the time of talking. One way that helps people understand the difference between the two ways we can use the future is by assigning them percentages.

  • e.g. I think I will drive a tractor this weekend.
    • This sentence is only partially planned, so we can assign a percentage of 10% planned.
  • e.g. I am going to have a good day.
    • This sentence has some prior intention or decision, so we can say it is 50% planned.
N.B I use the percentages to help people understand the difference between will and be going to. You won’t find them used in a grammar book.

Will and be going to can mean the same thing sometimes. They have the same meaning when we them  to talk about predictions about the future

  • e.g. It is going to rain tomorrow = It will rain tomorrow.

In the example above, both are making predictions about the future.

N.B When an examiner askes you a question in an oral exam, be sure to respond in the same way.

e.g. What are you going to do this weekend?

  • I am going to travel to Lindsay, Ontario this weekend.

It is important to respond in the same verb tense that the question was asked because you need to show that you understand the question, and that you can respond in the same verb tense.

For more information on the simple future you can check out this post. Also, for more on verb tenses in general you can check out the verb tense overview.

To practice will and be going to, you can check Englishpage.com

Simple Future

The simple future is used to express something that will happen in the future.

In English there are two common ways of expressing the future.

  1. With will. e.g. I will go to the store later
  2. With be going to. e.g. I am going to go to the store later.

In some cases either will or be going to can be used. If you are talking about predictions about the future,  either will or be going to is possible.

If you are making a promise or if something is in the immediate future, will can be used.
If you have prior plans or intentions, then use be going to.

  • E.g. You are talking to someone. You make a decision while you are talking to the person. You use Will.
  • E.g. You are talking to someone. You made the decision before talking to the person. You use be going to.
For more on the verb tenses check out the verb tense overview, or for exercises check out Englishpage.com